Medicine was deeply connected to magic, science, and spirituality in the old ages. Various early civilizations and cultures had created distinct medicinal attitudes.
A human being was presumed to have two bodies: a material body belonging to the earth and an unseen heavenly body.
A distinctive variety of medicine was performed in nations like Egypt, Greece, Rome,
Mesopotamia, India, Tibet, China, and others in the earliest periods.
Within these societies, there were the so-called "medicine people" who performed medicinal
therapies from magic to advanced physical techniques.
For instance, Tibetan culture connects religious and practical medicine even today.
Inspiration for Chinese Medicine is derived from the principle of Yin and Yang, which
eventually formed Acupuncture and Acupressure, accepted even in modern medicine.
Vestiges of cuneiform texts have proved that medicinal practices that included herbal and other substances were known to the people of Middle and Near East.
In the land of the Indus river, the Indians implemented medical diagnosis, prognosis, and
sophisticated medical conceptions based on ethics.
In ancient days, patients were cured mostly in shrines and temples before healthcare facilities
The basis of modern medicine can be traced back to the ancient Greeks.
In medieval Europe, medical schools and universities have been established based on the
Hippocratic view on medicine.
Medicine was magical and mythological, and disorders were predominantly ascribed to
The three key components of traditional Chinese medicine are Chinese herbal medicine,
Acupuncture & Moxibustion, and Chinese massage therapy.
Traditional Chinese medicine is the world's earliest medical system and is used as a principal
medicinal treatment system by far too many people.
It is formally acknowledged not only in China but also in Japan and other nations in central and
south-eastern Asia with the same cultural tradition.
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is an essential component of Chinese civilization and one
of China's significant modern medical systems in practice.
The countless prescriptions of Chinese materia medica are centered on a philosophical context,
rendering a holistic medicine system in theory and practice.
As all the ancient traditional medicines of the world, Traditional Chinese Medicine
acknowledges the person as a whole composed of body, mind, and spirit.
The organs and limbs communicate and collaborate through the meridian system, which
performs a very significant function in the processes of physiology and pathology.
Acupuncture helps re-establish a person's natural equilibrium, and it is mainly structured to increase the patient's cumulative health.
Acupuncture represents simply one of many energy medicine procedures that generate tangible healing advantages as a healing therapy alternative.
Acupuncture's beginnings can be traced back more than 2,000 years, making it one of the world's oldest health care systems.
It can enhance the healing process of the body by setting needles in certain regions on the body.
The principle of Acupuncture deals with manipulating qi force across the body.
Using other techniques, including acupressure, moxibustion, cupping, laser therapy, electro-stimulation, and massage, the therapist can also stimulate the acupuncture points to rebalance the qi flow.
According to Daoist values, qi is the vital force that is part of any living thing and is the central inherent essence in both traditional Chinese and martial arts.
" In A Clinical Introduction to Medical Acupuncture, the authors, Aung & Chen, state, "Traditional Chinese medicine distinguishes not only one but several different kinds of qi. In a general sense, qi is something that is defined by five "cardinal functions."
These cardinal functions are the core elements that keep the body alive and binds it with the essence.
The primary purpose of qi is to keep the body heated during cold temperatures, particularly the extremities.
Qi also allows the intervention of biological functions such as breathing, sweating, regulating the nervous system, and most importantly, the circulation of all bodily fluids, including blood in the veins.
Acupuncture is envisioned as a practice of stimulating the body to foster and enhance natural regeneration.
The original Chinese argument is that energy pathways pass through the body and its surface in continuous movements.
These pathways of energy, termed meridians, are like rivers that flow through the body to irrigate and sustain the tissues.
A constraint to the motion of these flows of energy is like a barrier that opposes others.
The meridians can be manipulated by inserting needles into the acupuncture locations; the needles of Acupuncture unclog the obstructions and restore the continuous movement through
Therefore, acupuncture treatments can assist the vital organs of the body in correcting instabilities in their digestion, absorption, and output of energy, activities, and the propagation of the energy through the meridians.
The contemporary research explanation is that by inserting the needles throughout the points of Acupuncture triggers the nervous system for releasing chemicals in the body, spinal cord, and brain.
These chemicals either alter the distress sensation or initiate the release of other chemicals and hormones that impact the body's internal regulatory process.
The enhanced power and biochemical equilibrium provided by Acupuncture will stimulate the natural healing capacities of the body and promote physical and emotional well-being.
Chinese massage is a technique of retention and pressure to alleviate the pathology in various regions of the body. Massage allows a pleasant sensation to the skin.
It stimulates blood flow and helps reduce stress.
There are excellent advantages to combine massage with herbal medicine. Massage can improve and accelerate the action of herbal remedies.
In its use of the meridian system, Chinese massage is strongly linked to Acupuncture and is deemed efficient for a comparable spectrum of health issues.
It is a powerful and comprehensive therapy and is classified in conjunction with herbalism, diet, qigong, and one of Traditional Chinese Medicine's essential arts.
There are textbooks for massage as far back as the most ancient medical texts of the Nei Jing (722-481 BC).
It is documented in the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD) that the imperial hospital had 56 massage physicians more than the total number of herbalists and acupuncturists.
Chinese massage is not a single therapy but involves five related sections that intertwine.
A method of massage for revitalization and vitality preservation. Extensive use in qi gong andsports practice in martial arts.
Sophisticated medical massage for the treatment of wounds, joint and muscle pain, and internalconditions.
main ways in which the Chinese treat kids and infants. The points and pathways utilized are rather distinct from those used by convention.
Somewhat a home remedy, but also used when needles are not fitting. Mostly known as acupressure. It employs simple stress methods. Wai Qi Liao Fa, curing with external qi.
Healing with legitimate transmission by qigong masters following years of thorough disciplineand training.In practice, it is the framework and goals that distinguish these divisions. They have much in agreement in terms of theory and methods.The concept that massage influences not only the physical body but also the Qi body (the channel and point network) and the mental body (feelings, ideas, and spiritual abilities) is centralto all of them.
Chinese herbal medicine provides a form of therapy that is superior and longer-lasting than Western medicine. Herbs contain a lot of body-acting chemical substances that minimize the
probability of potential side effects.
Chinese herbal medicine's genesis can be traced back to at least five thousand years.
Chinese herbal medicine provides an integrated approach to disease and prophylactic care, focusing on both the prevention of illness and therapy.
The immune system is enhanced by strengthening and improving ordinary body functions and promoting a general sensation of well-being.
Chinese herbal extracts are herbal healing potions transformed into a powdered or granular form.
Pills have been made from ancient times by blending several herbs and other ingredients that have been dried and ground into a powder. Then they were mixed with a binder and molded by
hand into pills. Traditionally, the binder was honey.
Moxibustion is a variant of heat therapy that burns dried plant materials called Moxa on or adjacent to the skin tissue.
The purpose is to warm and reinvigorate the body's Qi flow and dissipate several pathogenic activities.
Usually, Moxa is obtained from Chinese mugwort's dried leafy material (Artemesia argyi or A.vulgaris), but it can also be composed of other ingredients.
In the same session, practitioners often perform both Acupuncture and moxibustion when necessary for the scheme of diagnosis and therapy. Practitioners reckon that when used together,
the therapies boost the efficacy of each other.
In TCM fundamental theory, Moxibustion activities are based on two features exerting the functions of Moxa and fire and the action of the meridian system.
Moxibustion functions can be primarily classified into warm nourishing, warm dredging, and warm melting.
Warm nourishing relates to the virtues of Yang warming, qi toning, blood nurturing, and soothing depletion.
Warm dredging relates to blood activation functions, stasis dissolution, qi promotion, dredging channels, and pain relief.
Warm melting applies to the activities of phlegm reduction, reducing stagnation, wind removal, evaporation of moisture, poison removal, and heat purification.
Moxibustion is strongly associated with meridians, skin areas, and acupoints.
Meridian system consists of channels and collaterals; these are ways to communicate internally and externally,
contacting organs, promoting qi-blood, improving the entire body.
Twelve constant channels are known to exist, the internal ones belong to the viscera, and the
outer ones attach to the limbs.
The skin areas are the ground component of the twelve basic channels transported by channel-qi.
The skin areas can indicate the status of qi-blood from meridians and organs, as well as receiving treatment stimulation and afterward undergoing changes.
in the moxibustion therapy process, the cutaneous sections and acupoints are the terminals of the meridian system, through which stimulations of moxibustion can be transferred into the body.
Moxibustion can enhance the meridian system and directly adjust the state of disease in the
human body or activate the self-healing function of the meridian system and perform a
Elementary Medicine believes that moxibustion should be used with Acupuncture to treat
diseases that can not be healed by drugs. Moxibustion's distinctive therapeutic effects are
strongly linked to moxa and fire ambiguity.
Fire is hot, so it can warm the Yang up and remove the Yin's cold.
Fire melts the toxic activities created by humidity, wind, phlegm, and so on.
Fire is fast, so it can dredge the channels, remove pain or numbness, and activate the blood and qi.
Materials are significant to moxibustion.
Choosing the right materials in Moxibustion therapy is a distinctive activity.
Puji fang, Acupuncture cited the Xiao pin fang on eight kinds of fire: moxibustion with pinewood fire, hard to cure; cedarwood fire, ulcer, and pus; orangewood fire, skin hurt; mulberry wood, muscle withered; jujube wood fire, body emaciated; bamboo fire, tendons injured, excessive lead tendons flabby; trifoliate orange wood fire, veins "collapse"; elmwood fire, bone hurt, excessive lead bone withered; none of them can be used.
Modern research of moxibustion started in the earlies of the last century.
( Shao H. Clinical application and mechanism research of moxibustion. Shanghai Journal of
Traditional Chinese Medicine. 1980;(3):41–43.)
In 1912, Japanese scholars commenced observing the physical characteristics of moxibustion
materials and the effects of moxibustion on blood pressure and intestinal peristalsis.
(Zhou Z-H, Yuan Y-Q. Survey of Japan moxibustion methods.Chinese Acupuncture
To date, more and more inquiries have been carried out on the effects of moxibustion on the
human body or investigational animals, involving almost all major physiological processes,
particularly in the areas of pain relievers, strengthening immunity and anti-aging.
Currently, more and more trials have been undertaken on the results of moxibustion on the
human body or research animals. These studies cover nearly all significant physiological
mechanisms, especially in pain relievers fields, enhancing immunity and anti-aging.
The usually agreed opinion is that to generate extensive benefits, the meridian system pairs with physical and chemical effects of moxibustion.
Acupuncture: an Overview
Aung, SKH; Chen WPD (2007). Clinical introduction to medical acupuncture.
Thieme Medical Publishers.
* Barnes, LL (2005). Needles, herbs, gods, and ghosts: China, healing, and the West to 1848
* Deng, T. (1999): "Practical diagnosis in traditional Chinese medicine". Elsevier. 5th reprint,
* Ma, K.-W. (1992). "The roots and development of Chinese acupuncture: from prehistory to
early 20th century". Acupuncture in Medicine 10: 92–9.
* "Acupuncture --Consensus Development Conference Statement". National Institutes of
Health. 14 July 2007.
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